Group members in BOLD



B.M. Geyman, C.P. Thackray, D.J. Jacob, E.M. Sunderland. Impacts of volcanic emissions on the global biogeochemical mercury cycle: Insights from satellite observations and chemical transport modeling. Geophysical Research Letters. 50 (21): e2023GL104667.


B.J. Ruyle, H.M. Pickard, L. Schultes, F. Fredriksson, A.L. Heffernan. Knappe, H.L. Lord, P. Meng, M.A. Mills, K. Ndungu, P. Roesch, J.T. Rundberget, D.R. Tettenhorst, J. Van Buren, C. Vogel, D.C. Westerman, L.W.Y. Yeung, E.M. Sunderland. Interlaboratory Comparison of Extractable Organofluorine Measurements in Groundwater and Eel (Anguilla rostrata): Recommendations for Methods Standardization. Environmental Science & Technology. 57, 48, 20159–20168.


M.Q. Dai, B.M. Geyman, X.C. Hu, C.P. Thackray, E.M. Sunderland. Sociodemographic disparities in mercury exposures from United States coal-fired power plants. Environmental Science & Technology Letters. 10(7): 589-595. Press release.

B.J. Ruyle, C.P. Thackray, C.M. Butt, D.R. LeBlanc, A.K. Tokranov, C.D. Vecitis, E.M. Sunderland. 2023. Centurial persistence of forever chemicals at military fire training sites. Environmental Science & Technology. 57(21):8096-8106. Press release.

J.M. Liddie, L.A. Schaider, E.M. Sunderland. Sociodemographic factors are associated with the abundance of PFAS sources and detection in U.S. community water systems. Environmental Science & Technology. 57(21):7902-7912. Press release.

B.J. Ruyle, L. Schultes, D.M. Acob, C.R. Harris, M.M. Lorah, S. Vojta, J. Becanova, S. McCann, H.M. Pickard, A. Pearson, R. Lohmann, C.D. Vecitis, E.M. Sunderland. 2023. Nitrifying microorganisms linked to biotransformation of perfluoroalkyl sulfonamido precursors from legacy aqueous film-forming foams. Environmental Science & Technology. 57(14): 5592-5602.

X.C. Hu, M. Dai, J.M. Sun, E.M. Sunderland. 2023. The utility of machine learning models for predicting chemical contaminants in drinking water: Promise, challenges, and opportunities. Current Environmental Health Reports. 10(1): 45-60.


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A.S. Young, H.M. Pickard, E.M. Sunderland, J.G. Allen. 2022. Organic fluorine as an indicator of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances in dust from buildings with healthier versus conventional materials. Environmental Science & Technology. 56(23), 17090-17099. Press release.

H.M. Pickard, B.J. Ruyle, C.P. Thackray, A. Chovancova, C. Dassuncao, J. Becanova, S. Vojta, R. Lohmann, E.M. Sunderland. 2022. PFAS and precursor bioaccumulation in freshwater recreational fish: Implications for fish advisories. Environmental Science & Technology. 56(22): 15573-15583.

L.H.E. Winkel, E.M. Sunderland. 2022. Introduction to the biogeochemistry of trace elements themed issue. Environmental Science: Processes and Impacts. 24(9), 1277-1278.

K.B. Delwiche, J.A. Harrison, J.D. Maasakkers, M.P. Sulprizio, J. Worden, D.J. Jacob, E.M. Sunderland. 2022. Estimating drivers and pathways for hydroelectric reservoir methane emissions using a new mechanistic model. JGR Biogeosciences. 12, e2022JG006908.

L. Munoz-Abril, C.A. Valle, J.J. Alava, S.E. Janssen, E.M. Sunderland, F. Rubianes-Landazuri, S.D. Emslie. 2022. Elevated mercury concentrations and isotope signatures (N,C, Hg) in yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) from the Galapagos marine reserve and waters off Ecuador. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry.  41(11): 2732-2744. [pdf]

G.A. de Vera, B.Y. Brown, S. Cortesa, M. Dai, J. Bruno, J. LaPier, N. Sule, M. Hancock, B. Yoon, A. Chalah, E.M. Sunderland, S.C. Wofsy. 2022. HazeL: A low-cost learning platform for aerosol measurements. Journal of Chemical Education. 99(9), 3203-3210.

C.I. Olson, B.M. Geyman, C.P. Thackray, D.P. Krabbenhoft, M.T. Tate, E.M. Sunderland, C.T. Driscoll. 2022. Mercury in soils of the conterminous United States: Patterns and pools. Environmental Research Letters. 17(7), 074030.

J.M. Sun, B.C. Kelly, F.A.P.C. Gobas, E.M. Sunderland. 2022. A food web bioaccumulation model for the accumulation of poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in fish: How important is renal elimination? Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts. 24(8), 1152-1164.

C.D. Golden, J. Ayroles, J.G. Eurich, J.A. Gephart, K.L. Seto, M.K. Sharp, P. Balcom, H.M. Barravecchia, K.K. Bell, K.D. Gorospe, J. Kim, W.H. Koh., J.Z. Mason, D. McCauley, H. Murdoch, N. Nair, K. Neeti, S. Passarelli, A. Spect, E. Sunderland, A. Tekaieti, A. Tekiau, R. Tekoaua, E. Timeon. 2022. Study protocol: Interactive dynamics between coral reef fisheries and the nutrition transition in Kiribati. Frontiers in Public Health: Planetary Health. 10, 890381.

S. Zolkos, A.V. Zhulidov, T.Y. Gurtovaya, V.V. Gordeev, S. Berdnikov, N. Pavlova, E.A. Kalka, Y.A. Kuklina, D.A. Zhulidov, L.S. Kosmenko, A.I. Shiklomanov, A. Suslova, B.M. Geyman, C.P. Thackray, E.M. Sunderland, S.E. Tank, J.W. McClelland, R.M. Spencer, D.P. Krabbenhoft, R. Robarts, R.M. Holmes. 2022. Multi-decadal declines in particulate mercury and sediment export from Russian rivers in the pan-Arctic basin. PNAS. 3(10), 344-350.

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A.K. Tokranov, D. LeBlanc, H.M. Pickard, B.J. Ruyle, L.B. Barber, R.B. Hull, E.M. Sunderland, C.D. Vecitis. 2021. Surface-water/groundwater boundaries affect seasonal PFAS concentrations and PFAA precursor transformations. Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts. 23, 1893-1905. [pdf]

R.S.D. Calder, A.T. Schartup, T. Bell, E.M. Sunderland. 2021. "Muskrat Falls, methylmercury, food security, and Canadian hyroelectric power development" in S. Crocker and L Moore (Eds). Muskrat Falls: How a Mega Dam Became a Predatory Formation. St. John's, Canada: Memorial University Press, pp. 81-109. [pdf]

X. Zhang, X. Sun, R. Jiang, E.Y. Zeng, E.M. Sunderland, D.C.G. Muir. 2021. Response to Comment on “Screening New Persistent and Bioaccumulative Organics in China’s Inventory of Industrial Chemicals”: A Call for Further Environmental Research on Organosilicons Produced in China. Environmental Science & Technology. 56(1), 693-696. [pdf]

R. Lohmann, E.M. Sunderland. 2021. Emerging questions in exposure, regulation, and remediation of PFAS. iScience. 24:9. [pdf]

M. Bhatia, A.J. Specht, V. Ramya, D. Sulaiman, M. Konda, P. Balcom, E.M. Sunderland, A. Qureshi. 2021. Portable X-ray Fluorescence as a Rapid Determination Tool to Detect Parts per Million Levels of Ni, Zn, As, Se, and Pb in Human Toenails: A South India Case Study. Environmental Science & Technology. 55: 13113-13121. [pdf]

V. Shah, D.J. Jacob, C.P. Thackray, X. Wang, E.M. Sunderland, T. Dibble, A. Saiz-Lopez, I. Cernusak, V. Kello, P. Castro, R. Wu, W. Rongrong, C. Wang. 2021. Improved mechanistic model of the atmospheric redox chemistry of mercury. Environmental Science & Technology. 55(21),14445-14456.

X.C. Hu, B. Ge, B. Ruyle, J. Sun, E.M. Sunderland. 2021. A statistical approach for identifying private wells susceptible to PFAS contamination. Environmental Science & Technology Letters.  8(7), 596-602. [pdf]

M. Alcala-Orozco, P. Balcom, E.M. Sunderland, J. Olivero-Verbel, K. Caballero-Gallardo. 2021. Occurrence of essential and toxic elements in canned fish (sardines and tuna) commercialized in the Latin America market: Public health at stake. Food Additives and Contaminants: Part B. 14:3, 206-218. [pdf]

M. Enrico, P. Balcom, D.T. Johnston, J. Foriel, E.M. Sunderland. 2021. Simultaneous combustion preparation for mercury isotope analysis and detection of total mercury using a direct mercury analyzer. Analytica Chimica Acta. 1154, 338327. [pdf]

B. Ruyle, H. Pickard, D. LeBlannc, A. Tokranov, C.P. Thackray, X.C. Hu, C.D. Vecitis, E.M. Sunderland. 2021. Isolating the AFFF signature in coastal watersheds using oxidizable PFAS precursors and unexplained organofluorine. Environmental Science & Technology. 55(6): 3686-3695. [pdf] Press Release.

R. Stern, P. Koutrakis, M. Martins, B. Lemos, S.E. Dowd, E.M. Sunderland, E. Garshick. 2021. Characterization of hospital airborne SARS-CoV-2. Respiratory Research. 22:73. [pdf]

Y. Zhang, S. Dutkiewicz, E.M. Sunderland. 2021. Impacts of climate change on methylmercury formation and bioaccumulation in the 21st century ocean. One Earth. 4(2): 279-288. [pdf]

A.S. Young, E.H. Sparer-Fine, H.M. Pickard, E.M. Sunderland, G.F. Peaslee, J.G. Allen. 2021. Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) and total fluorine in fire station dust. Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology. [pdf]

R. Stern, N. Mahmoudi, CO. Buckee, A.T. Schartup, P. Koutrakis, S. Ferguson, J. Wolfson, S. Wofsy, B. Daube, E.M. Sunderland. 2021. The microbiome of size fractionated airborne particles from the Sahara source region. Environmental Science & Technology. 55(3): 1487-1496. [pdf] [SI]

A.O. De Silva, J.M Armitage, T.A Bruton, C. Dassuncao, W. Heiger‐Bernays, X.C. Hu, Anna Kärrman, B. Kelly, C. Ng, A. Robuck, M. Sun, T.F. Webster, E.M. Sunderland. 2020. PFAS Exposure Pathways for Humans and Wildlife: A Synthesis of Current Knowledge and Key Gaps in Understanding. Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry.  40(3): 631-657. [pdf]

B. Ruyle, C.P. Thackray, J.P. McCord, M.J. Strynar, K.A. Mauge-Lewis, S.E. Fenton, E.M. Sunderland. 2021. Reconstructing the composition of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances in contemporary aqueous-film forming foams. Environmental Science & Technology Letters. 8(1): 59-65 [pdf] [SI]

R. Lohmann, E. Markham, J. Klanova, P. Kukucka, P. Pribylova, X. Gong, R. Pockanly, T. Yanishevsky, C.C. Wagner, E.M. Sunderland. 2021. Trends of diverse POPs in air and water across the Western Atlantic Ocean: Strong gradients in the air but not in the water. Environmental Science & Technology. 2021. 55(14): 9498-9507.  [pdf]

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K. Schaefer, Y. Elshorbany, E. Jafarov, P.F. Schuster, R.G. Striegl, K.P. Wickland, E.M. Sunderland. 2020. Potential impacts of mercury released from thawing permafrost. Nature Communications. 11, 4650. [pdf]

H. Joerss, Z. Xie, C.C. Wagner, W-J von Appen, E.M. Sunderland, R. Ebinghaus. 2020. Transport of legacy perfluoroalkyl substances and the replacement compound HFPO-DA through the Atlantic gateway to the Arctic Ocean – Is the Arctic a sink or a source? Environmental Science & Technology. 54(16), 9958-9967. [pdf]

X. Zhang, X. Sun, R. Jiang, E. Zeng, E.M. Sunderland, D.C.G. Muir. 2020. Screening new persistent and bioaccumulative organics in China’s inventory of industrial chemicals. Environmental Science & Technology. 54(12), 7398-7408. [pdf]

E. Sunderland and C.C. Wagner. 2020. "The Global Chemical Experiment." In: Earth 2020: An Insider's Guide to a Rapidly Changing Planet. Ed: P. Tortell. Open Book Publishers. ISBN Digital ebook (epub): 978-1-78374-848-8. [pdf]

D. Bitounis, D. Parviz, X. Cao, C.A. Amadei, C.D. Vecitis, E.M. Sunderland, B.D. Thrall, M. Fang, M.S. Strano, P. Demokritou. 2020. Synthesis and physicochemical transformations of size-sorted graphene oxide during simulated digestion and its toxicological assessment against an in in vitro model of the human intestinal epithelium. Small. 16, 1907640. [pdf]

X.C. Hu, E.M. Sunderland, P. Grandjean. 2020. Mercury. In: Environmental Toxicants – Human Exposures and Their Health Effects, Eds. M. Lippmann, G.D. Leikuaf, 4th Edition. Wiley. 1024 pp. ISBN: 978-1-119-43880-9.

Y. Zhang, A.L. Soerensen, A.T. Schartup, E.M. Sunderland. 2020. A global model for methylmercury formation and uptake at the base of marine food webs. Global Biogeochemical Cyles. 34(2), GB006348. [pdf]

M. Li, A. Juang, J. Ewald, R. Yin, B. Mikkelsen, D.P. Krabbenhoft, P. Balcom, C. Dassuncao, E.M. Sunderland. 2020. Selenium and stable mercury isotopic analysis provide new insights into mercury toxicokinetics in pilot whales. Science of the Total Environment. 710: 136325. [pdf]

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D.H. Fourie, I.M. Hedgecock, F. DeSimone, E.M. Sunderland, N. Pirrone. 2019. Are mercury emissions from satellite electric propulsion systems an environmental concern? Environmental Research Letters. 14(12): 124021. [pdf]

X. Zhang, R. Lohmann, E.M. Sunderland. 2019. Poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in seawater and plankton from the Northwestern Atlantic Margin. Environmental Science & Technology. 53 (21), 12348-12356. [pdf]

W. Xue, H. Yan, S. Yun Kwon, S. Grasby, E.M. Sunderland, X. Pan, R. Sun, T. Zhou, R. Yin. 2019. Anthropogenic influences on mercury in Chinese soil and sediment revealed by relationships with total organic carbon. Environmental Pollution. 255(1):113186. [pdf]

E.M. Sunderland, H.M. Chan, W.L. Cheung. 2019. Fisheries and seafood security under changing oceans. In: Predicting Future Oceans: Sustainability of Ocean and Human Systems Amidst Global Environmental Change. Eds: A.M. Cisneros-Montemayor, W.L. Cheung, Y. Ota. Pp. 61- 68. Elsevier, Oxford, UK. ISBN: 978-0-12-817-945-1.

C.P. Thackray, E.M. Sunderland. 2019. Seafood methylmercury in a changing ocean. In:Predicting Future Oceans: Sustainability of Ocean and Human Systems Amidst Global Environmental Change. Eds: A.M. Cisneros-Montemayor, W.L. Cheung, Y. Ota. Pp. 61- 68. Elsevier, Oxford, UK. ISBN: 978-0-12-817-945-1.

C.A. Stock, William WL Cheung, J.L. Sarmiento, E.M. Sunderland. 2019. Changing Oceans: A Short Synthesis. In: Predicting Future Oceans: Sustainability of Ocean and Human Systems Amidst Global Environmental Change. Eds: A.M. Cisneros-Montemayor, W.L. Cheung, Y. Ota. Pp. 19- 34. Elsevier, Oxford, UK. ISBN: 978-0-12-817-945-1.

A.T. Schartup, C.P. Thackray, A. Qureshi, C. Dassuncao, K. Gillespie, A. Hanke, E.M. Sunderland. 2019. Climate change and overfishing increase neurotoxicant in marine predators. Nature. 572 (7771): 648-650.

S. Cinnirella, D. Evelina Bruno, N. Pirrone, M. Horvat, I. Zivkovic, D. Evers, S. Johnson, and E. Sunderland. 2019. Mercury concentrations in biota in the Mediterranean Sea, a compilation of 40 years of surveys. Scientific Data. 6: 205. [pdf]

V. St. Louis, J. Graydon, I. Lehnherr, H. Amos, E. Sunderland, K. St. Pierre, C. Emmerton, K. Sandilands, M. Tate, A. Steffen, E. Humphreys. 2019. Atmospheric concentrations and wet/dry loadings of mercury at the remote Experimental Lakes Area, northwestern Ontario, Canada. Environmental Science & Technology. 53, 8017-8026. [pdf]

D.G. Streets, H.M. Horowitz, Z. Lu, L. Levin, C.P. Thackray, E.M. Sunderland. 2019. Five hundred years of anthropogenic mercury: Spatial and temporal release profiles. Environmental Research Letters. 14: 084004. [pdf]

B. Eryasa, P. Grandjean, F. Nielsen, D. Valvi, D. Zmirou-Navier, E. Sunderland, P. Weihe, Y. Oulhote. 2019. Physico-chemical properties and gestational diabetes predict transplacental transfer and partitioning of perfluoroalkyl substances. Environment International. 130: 104874. [pdf]

M. Perkins, O.P. Lane, D.C. Evers, A. Sauer, N.J. O’Driscoll, S.T. Edmunds, J.C. Haelin, J. Trimble, E.M. Sunderland. 2019. Historical patterns of mercury exposure for North American songbirds. Ecotoxicology. ht4: tps:// [pdf]

X.C. Hu, A.K. Tokranov, J. Liddie, X. Zhang, P. Grandjean, J.E. Hart, F. Laden, Q. Sun, L.W.Y. Yeung, E.M. Sunderland. 2019. Tap water contributions to plasma concentrations of poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in a nationwide prospective cohort of U.S. women. Environmental Health Perspectives. [pdf] [SI]

C. Dassuncao, H. Pickard, M. Pfohl, A.K. Tokranov, M. Li, B. Mikkelsen, A. Slitt, E.M. Sunderland. 2019. Phospholipid levels predict tissue distribution of poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances in a marine mammal. Environmental Science & Technology Letters. 6(3): 119-125. [pdf]

C.C. Wagner, H.M. Amos, C.P. Thackray, Y. Zhang, E.W. Lundgren, G. Forget, C.L. Friedman, N.E. Selin, R. Lohmann, E.M. Sunderland. 2019. A global 3-D ocean model for polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs): Benchmark compounds for understanding the impacts of global change on neutral persistent organic pollutants. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 33, 469-481. [pdf] [SI]

A.K. Tokranov, N. Nishizawa, C.A. Amadei, J.E. Zenobio, H.M. Pickard, J.G. Allen, C.D. Vecitis, E.M. Sunderland. 2019. How do we measure the poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) at the surface of consumer products? Environmental Science & Technology Letters. 6(1): 38-43. [pdf]

R. Sun, M. Jiskra, H.M. Amos, Y. Zhang, E.M. Sunderland, J.E. Sonke. 2019. Modelling the mercury stable isotope distribution of Earth surface reservoirs: Implications for global Hg cycling. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 246:156-173. [pdf]

D.G. Streets, H.M. Horowitz, Z. Lu, L. Levin, C.P. Thackray, E.M. Sunderland. 2019. Global and regional trends in mercury emissions and concentrations, 2010-2015. Atmospheric Environment. 201: 417-427. [pdf]

E.M. Sunderland, X.C. Hu, C. Dassuncao, C.C. Wagner, A.K. Tokranov, J.G. Allen. 2019. A review of the pathways of human exposure to poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) and present understanding of health effects. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology. 29, 131–147. [pdf]

J.D. Ewald, J.L. Kirk, M. Li, E.M. Sunderland. 2019. Organ-specific differences is mercury speciation and accumulation of in juvenile and adult ringed seals (Phoca hispida). Science of the Total Environment. 650(2):2013-2020. [pdf]

R.S.D. Calder, S. Bromage, E.M. Sunderland. 2019. Risk tradeoffs associated with traditional food advisories for Labrador Inuit. Environmental Research. 168: 496-506. [pdf]


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Sunderland Lab

Group Administrator: Robert Stanhope

Address: 29 Oxford Street, Cambridge MA 02138

E-mail:  stanhope [at]